William Shakespeare is best known for his plays – although he was also an accomplished poet and actor. But, when we think about Shakespeare, plays like Romeo and Juliet, Hamlet and Much Ado About Nothing immediately spring to mind.
This article provides an overview that tells you everything you need to know about Shakespeare plays.
How Many Plays?
A remarkable fact about Shakespeare plays is that scholars can’t agree on how many he actually wrote. 38 plays is the most popular hypothesis, but after many years of wrangling a little-known play called Double Falsehood has now been added to the canon.
The main problem is that it is believed that William Shakespeare wrote many of his plays collaboratively – and it is therefore difficult to identify the content penned by the Bard with any accuracy.
When Was Shakespeare Writing Plays?
As this list of Shakespeare Plays indicates, the Bard was writing between 1590 and 1613. Many of his early plays would have been performed at The Theatre – the building that would eventually become the infamous Globe Theatre in 1598. It was here that Shakespeare made his name as a budding young writer and penned such classics as Romeo and Juliet, A Midsummer Night’s Dream and The Taming of the Shrew.
Many of Shakespeare’s most famous tragedies were written in the early 1600s and would have been performed at the Globe Theatre.
About Shakespeare Play Genres
Shakespeare wrote in three genres: tragedy, comedy and history. Although this seems very straightforward, it is notoriously difficult to categorize the plays. This is because the histories blur comedy and tragedy, the comedies contain elements of tragedy, and so on.
Some of Shakespeare’s most famous plays are tragedies and the genre was extremely popular with Elizabethan theater goers. It was conventional for these plays to follow the rise and fall of a powerful nobleman. All of Shakespeare’s tragic protagonists have a fatal flaw that propels them towards their bloody end.
Popular tragedies include: Hamlet, Romeo and Juliet, King Lear and Macbeth.
Shakespeare’s comedy was driven by language and complex plots involving mistaken identity. A good rule of thumb is if a character disguises themselves as a member of the opposite sex, you can categorize the play as a comedy.
Popular comedies include: Much Ado About Nothing, The Tempest and The Merchant of Venice.
Shakespeare used his history plays to make social and political commentary. Therefore, they are not historically accurate in the same way we would expect a modern historical drama to be. Shakespeare drew from a range of historical sources and set most of his history plays in the Hundred Years War with France.
Popular histories include: Henry V and Richard III
Shakespeare used a mixture of verse and prose in his plays to denote the social standing of his characters.
As a rule of thumb, common characters spoke in prose, whilst noble characters further up the social food chain would revert to iambic pentameter. This particular form of poetic meter was extremely popular in Shakespeare’s time.
Although Iambic Pentameter sounds complex, it is in fact a simple rhythmic pattern that was popular at the time. It has ten syllables in each line which alternate between unstressed and stressed beats. However, Shakespeare liked to experiment with iambic pentameter and played around with the rhythm to make his character’s speeches more effective.
Why is Shakespeare’s language so descriptive? We should remember that the plays were performed in daylight, in open air and with no set. In the absence of atmospheric theater lighting and realistic sets, Shakespeare had to conjure up mythical islands, the streets of Verona and cold Scottish castles through language alone.